Deworming in Pets: How and When to Deworm Dog and Cat
Deworming in pets (sometimes known as worming, drenching, or dehelmintization) is the giving of an anthelmintic drug to animals to rid them of helminthic parasites, such as roundworms, flukes, and tapeworms.
The question here arises why do we do deworming in animals?
As humans and animals are exposed to bacterial and viral diseases, they may also suffer from parasitic diseases as well, which can cause major health issues like; Diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, bloating, fatigue, unexplained weight loss, abdominal pain, or tenderness.
Guide for Deworming in Pets
1. Deworming puppies and kittens should be done more frequently:
Deworming your puppy or kitten every two weeks until they reach the age of three months is suggested. Puppies and kittens are generally born with parasites passed down from their mother (even if she has been dewormed). After that, deworming in our region is based on the danger of exposure. Please speak with your veterinarian about this.
2. Just because you can’t see something doesn’t imply it isn’t there:
We occasionally detect small wiggling worms in the feces of our pets, but this is not always the case. A feces examination is performed when in doubt to look for parasites.
3. Certain factors can lead to increased exposure.
Take the following points under consideration:
- What parasites are prevalent in your neighborhood?
- Have you taken your pet on a trip in the last few months? Different parasite species might be transmitted to your cat from other provinces or nations.
- What is the danger of your pet being exposed? Do they venture out? Do they interact with a lot of other animals? Do they hang out at crowded dog parks or daycares?
4. Some persons are more vulnerable than others:
Children, the older, pregnant women, cancer sufferers, diabetics, or anybody with a weakened immune system are more vulnerable. Many parasites in cats and dogs are “zoonotic,” meaning they may be transferred from animals to people and cause sickness. If there is someone in your family who is at a higher risk of being exposed, be particularly careful.
5. Fact or Fiction? Parasites cannot survive the harsh winters of Alberta:
Both, in fact. Many species cannot live at temperatures below -30°C, but others can. Every day, 10,000 eggs are produced by intestinal roundworms. Even in our hard northern environment, these ova have a hard crust that shields them from the weather, and they may live and remain infectious for up to 5 years. It’s possible that your pet is still in danger!
6. Internal parasites of several sorts are more frequent in Alberta than the others:
Giardia, an intestinal parasite that causes “beaver fever” in humans, is caused by ascarids (roundworms), tapeworms, and giardia. Humans can be infected by both roundworms and tapeworms.
7. There are simple things you can take to reduce your pet’s, family’s, and your own risk of infection:
- On walks and perhaps in your yard, pick up after your pet.
- When not in use, cover sandboxes and keep planting areas safe.
- After the disposal of animal feces, properly wash your hands.
- Talk to your veterinarian about the most feasible and successful parasite prevention approach for your dogs.
Deworming in Dogs:
Generally, all puppies need to be dewormed every 2 to 4 weeks until they reach 12 weeks of age. They should then receive treatments to eliminate and prevent the parasites once a month until 6 months of age, an adult dog should receive treatment every 1 to 6 months, or according to your vet’s advice.
In some cases, more than one parasite control program is needed. For dogs with intestinal parasites, a veterinarian suggests injection, topical treatment, or oral treatment.
Common deworming medications include Drontal plus, Panacur or Fenbendazole.
- Drontal plus
Deworming in Cats:
Kittens need to be dewormed at two, four, six, and eight weeks. All cats and kittens that are old enough should take year-round monthly heartworm and flea preventative that also treats and controls hookworms and roundworms. In most cases, you will not know your cat has worms unless you see them, which is not often the case. Your cat’s routine fecal screening can detect intestinal worms and eggs. The cat may show symptoms like bloated stomach, weight loss, coarse fur, diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy, hair fall, or dragging their bottoms on the ground.
In short deworming makes your pet physically active, strengthens the immune system, and improves digestive efficiency by killing all the parasites.